26 C
Lagos
Monday, April 6, 2020
Advertisements

Black Death – When It Started, How It Ended

Featured Posts

The Man Who Voiced Winnie the Pooh Has Been Accused of Rape, Animal Assault and Other Crimes

New reports have it that the actor who voiced popular Disney character, Winnie the Pooh, has been accused of animal abuse and rape by...

Netflix Reveals Top 10 Most Viewed Shows on the Platform

New streaming services are rolling out left and right, but Netflix is still having a pretty solid year, and perhaps might stay this way...

Gaming Smartphones: 5+ Android Powered Smartphones Dedicated for Gaming

With the rise of Mobile versions of high-end games like FortNite and Player Underground Great Battle, there has been an increase in inquiries for...

The Most Popular Broadcasting (Radio) Application for Android Phones

There are billions of problems in the world and finding a way to listen to music is not one of them. In today's world,...

5 Simple Hacks to Becoming a Programmer

Coding and being tech savvy in this age not only gives you edges over competition for jobs but it also a crucial part of...

The Black Death that took place in the 14th century is one of the most well-known occurrences in history. When historians talk about “the plague,” what they are usually referring to is this epidemic of bubonic plague that was caused by the bacterium known as Yersinia pestis.

Advertisements

In his literature published in 2018 titled “The Black Death, 1346-1353: The Complete History”  Ole Jørgen Benedictow estimated that about 50-60% of Europe’s population died during the occurrence of the Black Death, a proportion that is higher than the often-cited “one-third” of Europeans that were lost to the plague of a disease.

Less well-known is the fact that the said plague continued to hit Europe, the Middle East, and farther for the next four hundred years returning every decade to two decades.

The name “Black Death,” according to Benedictow, is actually a misunderstanding as it turns out to be a mistranslation of the Latin phrase ‘atra mors,'” which has a dual meaning of both “terrible” and “black.”

There is no apparent correlation between the now famous name and the symptoms of the plague that was experienced by victims while it existed.

When did the Black Death begin?

The exact date or year the Black Death began is still unknown, but history has it that black death swept through Europe and the Middle East in the years 1346-1353. Yet, the disease may have started several decades before the mentioned date in the Qinghai Plateau of Central Asia.

The period of repeated plague epidemics that happened between the 14th and 18th centuries is identified as the Second Plague Pandemic. The First Pandemic actually occurred in the sixth through the eighth centuries A.D., whereas the Third Pandemic existed roughly between 1860-1960.

According to Benedictow, the black death was “the first disastrous wave of disease outbreaks” of the Second Plague Pandemic. Only a few of the later outbreaks that took place in the Second Plague Pandemic were as destructive.

Nonetheless, they keep on killing 10-20% of the population with every recurrence.

How did the Black Death affect Europe?

As shocking as it may appear to modern audiences, the people who existed in medieval and Early Modern times grew to become accustomed to the plague and found ways to take this periodic decline inn population in stride.

Advertisements

Scientists and doctors worked together and separately to understand and handle the epidemic better, especially while it came to the prevention of its arrival and spread in their environments.

Many notable developments in the history of modern medicine and healthcare occurred as a result of this plague: the rebirth of open surgery and dissection, the discovery of how blood circulates, as well as the formulation of public health measures.

It remains unclear why the Second Pandemic came to an end in Western Europe. Still, it continued to strike in other regions like Russia and the Ottoman Empire all the way into the 19th century.

When did the Black Death come to an end?

The Great Plague of London that took place in 1665 was the last notable outbreak that was recorded in England, and the plague also seems to have vanished from Spain and Germany after the 17th century.

The plague of Marseilles, France, that took place in 1720-1721 is known to be the last significant plague outbreak that occurred in Western Europe.

Some historians have argued that public health had evolved well enough to put an end to the spread of the plague, mostly via the effective and systematic use of sanitary legislation.

Some others point to the evolutionary changes in rodents, humans, or in the bacterium itself. Still, none of these claims appear to be holding up to recent findings in plague genetics.

However, what is apparent is that during the four centuries between the Black Death and the vanishing of the plague from Europe, scientists and doctors worked endlessly to explain, contain and offer treatment for this scary disease.

Please leave a comment below.

Advertisements

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Trending Now.

Startimes Subscription Prices, Packages and Channels List in 2020

StarTimes Nigeria is one of the popular cable TV providers in Nigeria. This service is a subsidiary of a Chinese based company called Startimes...

GB WhatsApp, WhatsApp Plus and OG WhatsApp Tips and Tricks

Checkout the new GB WhatsApp Tutorial.Hello, welcome to WhatsApp Plus, OG WhatsApp and GB WhatsApp tips and tricks. For the sake of this article,...

Best Low Size PC Action Games For Your Old PC/Laptop With Low Specs

Gaming time is one our favorite time and nothing beats the ability to play high-quality games on our PCs but like some of our...

Netflix Download Limit: What Is It and How You Can Get Around It?

Netflix introduced its 'download feature' for offline viewing back in 2016, allowing its users to download content and enjoy it offline while they are...

6 Different Types of Car Engines

An engine is the soul and heart of your car simply because it’s the most important part of a vehicle. It acts as the...

DStv Channels List, Packages and Prices in 2020

Thousands of people in Nigeria have put their trust in DStv to provide them with the very best of television shows and programs.DStv (Digital...

Screen to Body Ratio: 22 Smartphones With the Highest Screen to Body Ratio in 2020

Screen to body ratio on a smartphone screen recently turned into an important thing to consider when comparing smartphones.  It became more important after...

5 Best Blood Pressure Apps for Android

Blood pressure is the pressure the blood applies that on the walls of the vessels they use in travelling. There are two conditions relating...

How to Fix Home Key, Recent Key and Notification Bar Not Working?

There is a bug in the Android OS that dates back as far as the Lollipop Version and it is one of the most...

10 Best Places to Download Bollywood Movies

Do you spend hours watching Bollywood movies as I do? Have you been in search of the perfect sites to download the best Hindi...

WhatsApp Plus, GB WhatsApp and OG WhatsApp Tips and Trick for 2020

Official Plus, the makers of WhatsApp Plus, GB WhatsApp (not the one by GB Mods that was shut down) and OG WhatsApp released a...

How to Download Tiktok Video Without Watermark on iOS & Android

It’s no longer news that the younger generation is into social media with the likes of Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Vine, etc.But with the exit...

Best Infinix Phones to Buy in 2020

Infinix Mobility is a well-known brand in Nigeria and a household name along with Tecno and Itel mobile are they mainly produce devices targeting...

All iTel Smartphones Firmware/ OS Updates (Free Download)

Good day and welcome. I used to think Itel doesn't make patches or updates for their devices as the update page in settings always...

MyGOtv App – Manage Your GOtv Account & Subscription Easily

Multichoice Nigeria, the owners of DStv and GOtv has recently launched a new mobile application called MyGOtv, for its popular digital platform, GOtv.According to...