35 C
Lagos
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Advertisements

GLONASS – What It is and How It Works?

Featured Posts

Emenike blasts Reekado Banks for ‘disrespecting’ his family

Emmanuel Emenike, a Super Eagles player, has put Mavin singer Reekado Banks on blast, saying he disrespected him and his family. In May, the striker...

The LG Fiesta LTE Smartphone Allows Storage Expansion of Up to 2 Terabytes

The South Korean electronics company is widely known for the production of top quality electronics devices (like sound systems, washing machines, cooking equipments). But...

Planning a Family Garage Sale

It's that time of year when we start to do our spring cleaning where we go through each room of the house and get...

How to AirDrop Passwords in iOS 12?

Among the numerous feature in iOS 12 including things like the OTP Autofill feature and the ability to scan QR codes directly from the...

How to Take a Screenshot in macOS Mojave?

macOS Mojave brings some new features which enhance the entire macOS experience, and it makes it more productive and enjoyable to use. My favourite...

GLONASS is an acronym that stands for Globalnaya Navigazionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema, or better put, Global Navigation Satellite System. You may already guess what it’s about from the full meaning.

Advertisements

GLONASS is the Russian version of GPS (Global Positioning System).

Who built GLONASS?

The development of GLONASS began in the Soviet Union in 1976. GLONASS stands as the most expensive program that the Russian Federal Space Agency has embarked on, consuming a third of its 2010 budget.

Versions

There are various versions of GLONASS, and they are:

  • GLONASS – This was launched in 1982. The satellites that were launched were intended to function for weather positioning, measuring velocity and timing wherever in the world or close to earth space by the Russian military and official organizations.
  • GLONASS-M – This was launched in 2003. Adds the second civil code. GLONASS-M is vital for GIS mapping receivers.
  • GLONASS-k – began in 2011 again and has three more types, which are k1, k2, and km for studies. Adds third civil frequency.
  • GLONASS-K2 – was be launched after 2015
  • GLONASS-KM – set to be launched after 2025 (presently in the research phase)

What is A-GLONASS?

A-GLONASS or Assisted GLONASS is quite like GLONASS, but it brings more features for smartphones. It comes with features like real-time traffic data, turn by turn navigation, and more.

A-GLONASS uses the cell towers close to your location to quickly lock your location with the aid of your data connection. A-GLONASS also promotes the performance in chip-sets that accompanies GLONASS support.

How much did it cost to set up GLONASS?

Up to 2011 records have it that the Russian government spent close to 5 billion dollars on the GLONASS project and further made an investment of 320 billion rubles ($10 billion) for the 2012 to 2020 time frame.

GLONASS remains the most pricey project ever by the Russian Federal Space Agency.

How does GLONASS differ from GPS?

GPS was developed by the USA and had a network of 31 satellites covering the planet earth and has been used widely in commercial devices like navigators and mobile phones.

GLONASS is a Russian development that was initially started by the Soviet Union in 1976. It has a network of 24 satellites covering the planet.

Advertisements

Advantage of GLONASS over GPS (GLONASS Vs. GPS)

There is no other apparent advantage apart from accuracy over GPS. When used independently, GLONASS does not have the kind of reliable coverage that GPS has, but when the two are used together, there certainly is an increased accuracy with coverage.

And it is more effective in northern latitudes as Russia started the GLONASS project naturally for Russia.

The accuracy of GLONASS is a significant advantage as it boasts of up to 2 meters of accuracy. A combination of GPS + GLONASS allows a smart device to be easily pinpointed by a collection of 55 satellites all across the earth.

So when you find yourself in a place where GPS signals are stuck such as in subways or between huge buildings, you will be accurately tracked by GLONASS satellites.

Commercial Use of GLONASS

The first commercial use of GLONASS was in the car navigator as Glospace SGK-70. However, it was quite bulky and pricey. The Russian government is doing some work to promote commercial use of GLONASS.

iPhone 4S was the first device from Apple to use a combination of GPS and GLONASS for pinpointing a location on maps.

Every high-end device that can use GPS facilities, especially navigators, now adds GLONASS receivers on their chip so that they can use location-based services.

What is offered for smartphones?

Today almost any mobile phone, whether Android or IOS, high end or a low budget, is equipped with A-GPS (assisted Global Positional System) that makes use of network capabilities to find a person’s location.

Now with the offering of GLONASS for public services, more smartphones are being launched that support the GPS+GLONASS technology to use dual-core location-based service to pinpoint a location.

Initially, only high-end or Flagship smartphones boast these features, but in due time, we will see both of these technologies being supposed by low and mid-range smartphones. Some more companies and chipmakers seem to be interested in GLONASS technology.

Advertisements

This means that more smartphones will be launched with this technology.

How Google Maps make use of GLONASS and GPS?

Google Maps, as well as other mapping apps like Apple Maps and Nokia’s HERE Maps, make use of the data connection to link to the satellites of GPS and GLONASS.

The present-day smartphones come with both A-GPS and A-GLONASS support, bringing features like location tracking, turn by turn navigation, and real-time location information.

What’s next after GLONASS and GPS?

European Union is presently working on a system known as GALILEO, which will provide the most accurate global positioning service under civilian control.

The Galileo system is made up of 30 satellites (27 operational + 3 active spares) that are positioned in three circular Medium Earth Orbit planes at 23 222 km altitude above the Earth, as well as at an inclination of the orbital planes of 56 degrees to the equator.

Noteworthy also is China’s development of its own constellation of 35 satellites known as the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System and has been under construction since January 2015.

The BeiDou will offer more capabilities than what GPS can. It is presently operational in China and Asia Pacific region and using 11 satellites. BeiBou is set to be globally available in 2020.

IRNSS or Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System is an autonomous satellite system that is under development by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) and is going to offer public service and restricted service (authorized users like the military).

The system will consist of a constellation of 7 satellites, and 4 out of the 7 are already placed in the orbit. The project has been operational since 2016.

We hope you found this article helpful. Leave a comment below.

Advertisements
Advertisements

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Trending Now.

Screen to Body Ratio: 22 Smartphones With the Highest Screen to Body Ratio in 2020

Screen to body ratio on a smartphone screen recently turned into an important thing to consider when comparing smartphones.  It became more important after...

Startimes Subscription Prices, Packages and Channels List in 2020

StarTimes Nigeria is one of the popular cable TV providers in Nigeria. This service is a subsidiary of a Chinese based company called Startimes...

Netflix Download Limit: What Is It and How You Can Get Around It?

Netflix introduced its 'download feature' for offline viewing back in 2016, allowing its users to download content and enjoy it offline while they are...

How to Apply For NYSC Revalidation and Remobilization?

Every year thousands of Nigerian graduates register for the National Youth Service Corps program and are sent to different parts of the country to...

6 Different Types of Car Engines

An engine is the soul and heart of your car simply because it’s the most important part of a vehicle. It acts as the...

Uses and Functions of ROM (Read-only Memory)

A computer is a very important device and besides being the best gadget to play your favorite video games or watching your favorite movies,...

6 Different Types of Motherboards

Motherboards are considered as the heart of any computer you use. This is mainly because they contain important components such as the memory and...

5 Best Blood Pressure Apps for Android

Blood pressure is the pressure the blood applies that on the walls of the vessels they use in travelling. There are two conditions relating...

DStv Channels List, Packages and Prices in 2020

Thousands of people in Nigeria have put their trust in DStv to provide them with the very best of television shows and programs. DStv (Digital...

Best Infinix Phones to Buy in 2020

Infinix Mobility is a well-known brand in Nigeria and a household name along with Tecno and Itel mobile are they mainly produce devices targeting...