Papillon Dog – Dog Breed Profile and Information

Papillon Dog

The Papillon is a beautifully small, finely boned dog that full of energy. Papillion dogs are also commonly called the Continental toy Spaniel or the Dwarf Spaniels. The Papillon dog comes with a long, straight, and fine coat, and it also doesn’t come with an undercoat.

The most distinctive features of the Papillion dog breed are its hairy butterfly ears that are very attractive because of the long fringed hair it features.

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Hair and tail

The hair on the body of the Papillon dog is medium in length, and it’s feathering also offers covers to both the fore and the hind legs. This dog possesses a distinctive, catchy tail that is equally feathered with hair.

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I’d you are looking for the perfect lap dog, this tiny confident and cheeky dog breed is the ideal option. The Papillon dog is king when it comes to shedding, and it loses a decent amount of hair often.

For this reason, it needs constant grooming, and a reasonable brush every day will help control shedding. This dog is a lovely one that comes in a wide range of parti-colors, which includes white patches.

History of the Papillion dog

The Papillon dog breed is believed to have come from Asian toy breeds such as the Japanese Chin on the one hand, and on the other hand, people also believe the dog had come up in the miniaturization of European spaniels through continually crossbreeding smaller breeds of dog.

Regardless of the Papillion’s ancient origins, small-sized spaniels were established around the 1200s in Europe.

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The Papillon dog breed has featured in paintings, and other artwork from several well-known artists including Toulouse-Lautrec, Goya, Rembrandt, and Marie Antoinette was an owner of this breed.

This dog breed has long been one of the favorites of high society, and there are claims that the country of Spain is majorly responsible for the dog’s popularity.

The Dwarf Spaniel breed of dog originally possessed long folded ears during the reign of King Louis the Great. However, over time some of the dwarf spaniel dogs were born with large standing ears.

Modern-day Papillon dogs are very identical to the Dwarf Spaniels of the olden days, and they can have either effect or drooping ears. Both erect and drooping eared Papillon dogs can come from a single litter even if both of their parents come with the same type of ears.

The French are responsible for the name the Papillon, and it means butterfly. The reason for this name is a pretty obvious one because it comes with erect fringed ears.

Throughout Europe, people refer to the Papillion with drooping ears add the Phalene, which means the ‘moth,’ and the breed is called the Papillon in North America, whether it has erect or dropping ears.

The Kennel Club of England only accepted the Papillon dog breed in 1923, and the American Kennel Club recognized it was a few years faster as they recognized the breed in 1915.

Personality and Temperament

Papillons are one of the highly intelligent small breeds of dogs who take pleasure in pleasing their owners. These dogs are easy to train and very quickly motivated to follow commands with the use of food as a reward.

This dog is also a very energetic one, so it is just right for a family home. Papillion dogs are great options for first-time canine owners, and they love nothing more than to curl up on their owner’s lap for a nice nap.

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It’s a great idea to have your Papillion dog socialized when it is still a puppy. This is basically to ensure that it is comfortable and relaxed both around people and other dogs.

These dogs do have a high tendency to bark.

Common Diseases & Conditions of the Papillon dogs


This is a common infection that is considered severe and can affect hunting dogs. The condition is passed on from feral pigs, which have shown clinical signs including enlarged lymph nodes, fever, and enlarged testicles.

This is also a disease that can be passed from mother Papillion dogs to their pups, which means that the dogs do not necessarily need to come in contact with an infected feral pig to have the disease.


Many toy dogs are occasionally prone to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), a condition that can easily be treated, but which can also become fatal if left untreated. Puppies with hypoglycemia are usually slow or listless and can be noticed to tremble or shiver.

If these signs are seen in your Papillion dog, put some honey under the dog’s tongue, and quickly take it to the vet.

Patellar luxation

This is a condition that is quite common among small dog breeds and usually occurs when the dog’s knee cap, thigh bone, and calf are not correctly aligned, causing lameness or leading to an irregular gait such as a skip or a hop, and worse still, it leads to the development of arthritis later in the canine’s life.

The condition is often fixable with surgery, and dogs with less severe cases usually do not need treatment and can lead healthy lives.

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Open Fontanel

Just like human babies, Papillon dogs are born with a small soft spot right at the top of their heads. We know that the spot on the dog’s head will usually close; it is essential to treat the dog with extreme care as a single accidental hit to the head may be fatal.

Collapsed Trachea

When the dog deals with rapid inhalation, it can cause the trachea to become flat, making it hard for the dog to receive air into its lungs.

Symptoms of collapsed trachea include dry, honking coughing, difficulty breathing, intolerance to exercise, and gagging when drinking or eating. Any dog exhibiting these symptoms should see a vet as soon as possible.

Progressive retinal this

This is another common refers to a group of eye conditions which makes the retina to deteriorate gradually.

Night vision in dogs with this condition is lost in the early part of the disease, and the dog also loses day vision as the disease progresses. The truth remains that many dogs adapt to the loss of sight really well, as long as they are in the same environment.

Papillon dog’s Facts!

These dogs have been considered one of the five dogs at the top of the obedience training ring.

  • Papillon dogs are excellent at rat-catching.
  • It is believed that King Henry II spent as high as 100,000 crowns on his papillons.
  • Celebrity owners of Papillon dogs include Christina Aguilera who owns two Papillon dogs named Stinky and Chewy.
  • It is claimed that Marie Antoinette carried one of her Papillons along with her to the guillotine during her execution.
  • The Papillon breed of dog first appeared in Australia in 1949.
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