Motherboards are considered as the heart of any computer you use. This is mainly because they contain important components such as the memory and CPU (central processing unit). It also acts as a connector between other important components within the computer.
In order to understand computers and be able to design your very own computer, you will need a proper understanding of the different types of motherboards.
We are going to discuss in detail the types of motherboards in order to help you understand how they differ from one another.
Table of Contents
- 1. AT Motherboard
- 2. ATX Motherboard
- 3. LPX Motherboard
- 4. BTX Motherboard
- 5. Pico BTX Motherboard
- 6. Mini TX Motherboard
1. AT Motherboard
AT motherboards have dimensions of a few hundred millimeters thus they are not advised for mini desktops since they don’t fit. There large dimensions also make it difficult to install new drivers.
This type of motherboard uses sockets and six pin plugs which work as power connectors.
The power connectors are considered hard to distinguish and therefore prove very difficult for people to properly connect and use. Produced in the 80’s, these motherboards lasted for quite a long period of time.
2. ATX Motherboard
Also known as Advanced Technology extended, these motherboards were produced in the 90’s by Intel and is considered a huge improvement from the AT motherboard.
They allow for interchangeability when it comes to the connected parts and are smaller in size compared to the AT motherboards. The connector system was also greatly improved.
3. LPX Motherboard
These motherboards differ from the previous boards in that they contain output and input ports at its back. Riser card was also introduced to ensure placement of more slots was initiated and made easier. AT motherboards later on adapted several features from the LPX motherboards.
However, low quality LPX motherboards lack AGP slots and instead connect directly to the PCI. The many unflavored aspects of the LPX motherboard led to the creation of the NLX.
4. BTX Motherboard
Balanced Technology extended motherboards were created to cope up with the changing technologies that demanded a lot of power and generated a lot of heat. Intel, however, cancelled further development of BTX motherboards in late 2006 so that they could focus on lower-power CPU’s.
BTX motherboards were used by Gateway Inc, MPC, and Dell. Mac Pro by Apple uses some elements of these motherboards design systems but is regarded as not BTX compliant.
5. Pico BTX Motherboard
The term “Pico” is used due to the small size of these motherboards. They support a maximum of two expansion slots, although they share a similar common top half as the BTX line. Specifically designed for riser-card or half-height applications, Pico BTX motherboards are considered as a digital line.
6. Mini TX Motherboard
It is a low-power form factor motherboard with dimensions of 17*17cm. Mini TX motherboards were designed in the year 2001 by VIA Technologies.
Generally, they are used in SFF computer systems because they have a low power consumption rate and cool very fast.
They are therefore widely preferred when it comes to home theater systems where fan noise could reduce the quality of the system.
Now that you are conversant with the types of motherboards available, you could easily design your own computer.