- Advertisement -
32 C
Lagos
Advertisement
Home Vehicles 6 Different Types of Car Engines

6 Different Types of Car Engines

- Advertisement -

An engine is the soul and heart of your car simply because it’s the most important part of a vehicle. It acts as the main source of power and converts energy into mechanical motion.

Undeniably, car designs and models have evolved considerably over the past few years and interestingly, the car engines have followed suit.

- Advertisement -

Engines have an interesting history and if you are planning to buy a car soon, understanding different types of car engines will help you make the best choice. People are different and whereas some prefer fuel efficiency engines, others focus on more power.

With that in mind, car manufacturers are working hard day and night to meet the needs of all the customers and therefore, they have devised various types of car engines and here are some of them.

Types of engines

Generally, there are two types of engines namely the internal and external combustion engines.

1. Internal combustion engines

In these engines, fuel combustion takes place inside the engine and this causes pressure to increase and temperature to rise.

As a result of combustion, the high pressure produced is applied to rotor, pistons or a nozzle and it’s the same power that moves your vehicle from one place to another and transforms chemical energy to useful mechanical energy. Very good examples are two-stroke and four-stroke petrol and diesel engines

2. External combustion engine

In these engines, fuel combustion takes place outside the engine and steam engine is a great example

For your peace of mind, there are various types of the internal combustion engine (ICE) which are classified according to various basis and we are going to examine them below;

1. Based on design

a. Reciprocating engine

Advertisement

Piston and a cylinder are the main components of a reciprocating engine. An engine may have one or more pistons whose main purpose is to convert pressure into rotating motion.

Every piston is placed inside the cylinder and as a result of gas combustion, the piston initiates to and fro motion (reciprocating motion) which is then converted into rotary motion.

b. Wankel engine

Also known as rotor engine, Wankel engine converts pressure into rotating motion using an eccentric rotary system.

When compared to the reciprocating engine, Wankel engine is smoother, simpler and more compact. Note that these engines usually produce more power pulses per revolution and therefore, they are mostly used in racing cars and Mazda’s RX-8 is very popular example.

2. Based on ignition method

a. Compression ignition engine

These types of engines don’t have a spark plug at the cylinder head and thus, the heat of the compressed air is responsible for fuel ignition. A very good example of a compression ignition engine is the diesel engine due to the fact that it only works by compressing the air.

Some of the advantages of compression ignition engine are reduced parasitic load on the engine and higher thermodynamic efficiency.

b. Spark ignition engine

These engines are established with a spark plug fitted at the engine head which produces spark after fuel compression to ignite the air-fuel mixture for the process of combustion.

According to experts, petrol engines are based on spark ignition but can only run on bioethanol, methanol, hydrogen, compressed natural gas (CNG), Autogas (LPG) and nitromethane.

3. Based on the number of cylinders

a. Single cylinder engine

They consist of a single cylinder connected to the crankshaft. These types of engines are lightweight, compact, and have an outstanding weight to power ratio. They are commonly used in the motor scooter, motorcycles, go-karts, and dirt bikes.

b. Double cylinder engine

These engines consist of two cylinders hence the name double cylinder engine.

c. Multiple cylinder engine

Advertisement

These engines have more than two cylinders and can be three, four, six, twelve or sixteen. These engines have an excellent ability to neutralize imbalances and achieve higher revolutions per minute (RPM) effortlessly. Good examples are the 2-stroke and 4-stroke engine and can be diesel or spark-ignition.

4. Based on the cylinder arrangement

a. Vertical engine

Just like the name, the cylinders of vertical engines are arranged vertically

b. Horizontal engine

The cylinders of these engines are horizontally arranged

c. V-engine

In these types of engines, the pistons and cylinders are aligned in two banks with some angle between them and when viewed from the top, they resemble a ‘V’ shape. According to experts, the unique shape that comes with these engines is to prevent vibration and balancing problems.

d. W type engine

In these engines, the cylinders are arranged in 3 rows to form a ‘W’ shape and in most cases, this engine is made as a result of the production of 16-cylinder and 12-cylinder engines.

e. Opposed cylinder engine

Cylinders in this type of engine are placed in opposite directions. Most importantly, this engine has an excellent balancing and runs smoothly simply because both the piston and the connecting rod run identically.

5. Types of fuel used

  • Petrol engine – Uses petrol as its main source of power
  • Diesel engine – Uses diesel for its working
  • Gas engine – Uses fuel for its working

6. Based on the number of strokes

a. Two-stroke engine

In this type of engine, the piston does two times motion, that is one upward (from BDC to TDC) and another one downward (From TDC to BDC) to produce power stroke.

b. Four-stroke engine

In this type of engine, the piston moves four times, two upward and two downward movements in a single cycle of a power stroke.

c. Six-stroke engine

The six-stroke engine is in its development stage but according to sources, it will create attention and interest in the motor industry. It is expected to come with tremendous benefits such as reduced mechanical complexity, increased fuel efficiency, and reduced emissions.

Bottom line

An engine is the most important part of your car as it allows you to efficiently move from one place to another. Turning a key to start your car is always exciting and straightforward and, in most cases, its simplicity makes people take the engine for granted.

Advertisement

If you’d want to understand the engineering behind your vehicle, it is recommendable to understand the technology that takes place beneath the bonnet and most importantly, understand the different types of car engines available.

It would be advisable to understand different car engines and how they work and make an informed decision on the one to buy based on your personal preferences.

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

Trending Now

Strategies for Employers and Employees to Encourage Better Health Habits

Health is wealth not only for the person concerned but also for other people around him or her. Assuming that you are an employer,...
- Advertisement -

Startimes Subscription Prices, Packages and Channels List in 2020

StarTimes Nigeria is one of the popular cable TV providers in Nigeria. This service is a subsidiary of a Chinese based company called Startimes...

GB WhatsApp Pro, OG WhatsApp Pro V8.10 (GB OG Replacements) Latest Version

Good day peeps, the latest GBWhatsApp is here... and it is called the GB WhatsApp ProRemember earlier, GB Mods the maker of GB WhatsApp...

GB WhatsApp, WhatsApp Plus and OG WhatsApp Tips and Tricks

Checkout the new GB WhatsApp Tutorial.Hello, welcome to WhatsApp Plus, OG WhatsApp and GB WhatsApp tips and tricks. For the sake of this article,...

Best Low Size PC Action Games For Your Old PC/Laptop With Low Specs

Gaming time is one our favorite time and nothing beats the ability to play high-quality games on our PCs but like some of our...

10 Best Places to Download Bollywood Movies

Do you spend hours watching Bollywood movies as I do? Have you been in search of the perfect sites to download the best Hindi...

DStv Channels List, Packages and Prices in 2020

Thousands of people in Nigeria have put their trust in DStv to provide them with the very best of television shows and programs.DStv (Digital...

How to Fix Home Key, Recent Key and Notification Bar Not Working?

There is a bug in the Android OS that dates back as far as the Lollipop Version and it is one of the most...

5 Best Under 15,000 Naira Smartphones in Nigeria

Smartphones are currently like the way of life today, and everybody needs one of them devices. The need to stay up to par with...

How to Download Tiktok Video Without Watermark on iOS & Android

It’s no longer news that the younger generation is into social media with the likes of Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Vine, etc.But with the exit...

WhatsApp Plus, GB WhatsApp and OG WhatsApp Tips and Trick for 2020

Official Plus, the makers of WhatsApp Plus, GB WhatsApp (not the one by GB Mods that was shut down) and OG WhatsApp released a...
- Advertisement -

Related Posts

Top 4 Cars of 2018 in the Hit List

At present, you can find a lot of cars according to your needs and budget. The ranking of car doesn’t depend on its make...

The 2017 Mercedes Benz Maybach S600; Indepth Review, Pictures and Price

When it comes to class and allure, nothing speaks louder than seating in a Mercedes. Now imagine when Mercedes partners with Maybach to make...

Top Toyota Cars to Look Out for This Year

From the sleek Toyota Yaris subcompact, all the way up to Toyota Sequoia SUV, Asia’s largest automaker has penetrated the automobile market and has...

Top 10 Expensive Yacht in the World

The richest peoples can buy almost whatever they wish of or they desire. In multiples cites, states, countries and continents several luxury homes, lands,...

5 Best Drones With Camera in 2020

5 Best Drones with Camera you must see of all companies and the features of these drones are briefly discussed by me in this article....
- Advertisement -

3 COMMENTS

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here